Commercial seaweed farming started in most geographies 50 years ago and is still a very labour intensive sector. It provides multiple jobs along entire coastlines. In most regions seaweed farming is still a family activity where women play a substantial role. In other cases, corporate structures have developed around the industry.
Explore The Farmer by Species
Most of the farmers we met in Indonesia had been cultivating Gracilaria, milk fish and shrimp in brackishwater ponds in Maros district, South Sulawesi. They have been living in the pond or coastal areas for many years, but do not own their farm sites. They are usually trusted to manage the ponds by a landlord who is living in Makassar or a different city and operate with a profit sharing model.